Theoretical bases of the programmed training to a subject of "natural sciences Basis»
1. Faculty of Educational Science – University Goce Delcev
Interactive learning is just one of the forms for the efficient acquisition of knowledge and developing skills in programmed education. Processing of didactic-methodical components of interactive learning in programmed education in elements of natural sciences involve clarification of basic theoretical determinations too. The first forms with elements of programmed education we find in the pedagogical views of Socrates, and psychological bases of "Theory of the effects from Torndjakov. However, most of pedagogues are connection the origin of programmed instruction, with the construction of the first machine learning a further development of its finding ribbon (BF Skiner) and branched (NA Krauder) program. The theoretical development of programmed instruction is based on four psychological theories: Substantiation theory, theory of phased establishment of mental work, the theory of algorithms and cyber theory.
Keywords: interactive learning, programmed education, based of nature science, physiology of plants, photosynthesis