Value-need methodology of anthropo-psychological predisposition to various forms of corruption behavior
1. Medicine-Psychology-Social Institute at N.F. Katanov’sKhakass State University, Abakan
The article presents the current state of research on the phenomenon of corruption and corruption crime from various methodological positions. It is stated that in government and sociological sources corruption is considered as a legal, economic or social phenomenon, and therefore the methods of combating it are formal-bureaucratic, often punitive. Meanwhile, the cause of corruption and corruption crime in its subjects, so the psychological approach to solving this problem puts the "human factor"in the spotlight. Describes a motivational model species the heterogeneity of man, in terms of methodology based on paleopsychological theory of anthropogenesis by B.F. Porshnev,value-need personality spheretheory and the concept of kindism. The formation in the process of anthropogenesis of four species of the genus Homo Sapiens is explained by the psychological development of man: the emergence of purely human needs and fundamentally new ways to meet them – the second and third signal systems. Discusses methodological issues of the study of the phenomenon of corruption from the perspective of the value-need personality sphere theory. The model of "corrupt psycho-diagnostic" and "anti-corrupt psycho-prevention" proposed in the article is an applied realization of the value-need personality sphere theory. "Corrupt psycho-diagnostic" is aimed at identifying persons prone to corruption, claiming to hold corrupt dangerous positions in public institutions, businessstructures and the media, and the technology of "anti-corrupt psycho-prevention", developed on the basis of its results, is aimed at eradicating corruption in public institutions.
Keywords: corrupt psycho-diagnostic, anti-corrupt psycho-prevention, corrupt dangerous value, corrupt safe value, simultaneous and successivetachistoscope exposition, predatory and non-predatory motivation, anthropo-psychological identification, anthropo-psychological identity, a third signaling system, anthropotype, psychotype